During the 1860 U.S. presidential election, certain Southern states did not include Abraham Lincoln on the ballot, all Democrat strongholds. The Democratic Party in the South was more aligned with pro-slavery sentiments, and the tensions over the issue of slavery contributed to the division between Northern and Southern states.
Abraham Lincoln, a candidate representing the newly formed Republican Party, found himself at the center of this storm. His anti-slavery stance, while resonating with many in the North, was met with fierce resistance from the Southern Democrats that heavily relied on slave labor.
As a result, Lincoln’s name was notably absent from the ballot in ten Southern states. These states took a decisive stand against Lincoln’s candidacy, reflecting the deep divide that would eventually lead to the outbreak of the Civil War. Here are the ten states that did not include Abraham Lincoln on the ballot:
- Alabama: Opposition to Lincoln’s anti-slavery views led to his exclusion from the ballot in Alabama.
- Arkansas: The state of Arkansas joined others in rejecting Lincoln’s candidacy.
- Florida: Floridians, influenced by pro-slavery sentiments, did not see Lincoln as a viable candidate.
- Georgia: Lincoln faced strong resistance in Georgia, where the debate over slavery was particularly intense.
- Louisiana: Lincoln’s absence from the ballot in Louisiana mirrored the state’s pro-slavery stance.
- Mississippi: The deep South state of Mississippi was among those that actively opposed Lincoln’s candidacy.
- North Carolina: Opposition to Lincoln’s anti-slavery platform led to his exclusion from the North Carolina ballot.
- South Carolina: As a hotbed of pro-slavery sentiment, South Carolina did not feature Lincoln on its ballot.
- Tennessee: Tennessee initially excluded Lincoln from its presidential ballot.
- Texas: Lincoln’s anti-slavery views clashed with Texas’s reliance on slave labor, resulting in his absence from the state’s ballot.
These states’ refusal to include Lincoln on their ballots underscored the growing regional tensions that would ultimately erupt into the American Civil War.